Heartburn is an irritation of the esophagus that’s caused by stomach acid. It often causes burning in your chest, near your heart.
Heartburn often begins when the muscular valve in your lower esophageal sphincter (LES) starts to fail. Located where the esophagus meets the stomach, this valve is designed to keep stomach acid out of your throat.
When you have heartburn, that valve malfunctions and either opens too often, or doesn’t close tight. Heartburn is typically caused by overeating or putting too much pressure on the stomach, which can be the result of:
If you have heartburn at least twice a week and chest pain accompanies it, you may have acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
GERD is often caused when your upper stomach and LES move above your diaphragm, creating a hiatal hernia. Because your diaphragm is unable to keep the stomach acid contained, the fluid can move into your esophagus.
Beyond heartburn symptoms, acid reflux may also cause regurgitation of stomach acid, leaving a sour or bitter taste in your mouth.
Left untreated, this condition can lead to complications, including:
One of the easiest ways to prevent heartburn is to eat small meals, and avoid overeating Dr. Gaston recommends avoiding certain foods that create more stomach acid, including:
Certain medications can also increase your risk of heartburn. High stress levels and too little sleep increase the amount of stomach acid you produce, and therefore raise your risk of heartburn.
To reduce the severity and frequency of GERD, Dr. Gaston suggests:
If heartburn or acid reflux are disrupting your life, find help with Dr. Gaston. Call the office to schedule your appointment, or book it online today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!